VCT Tile Flooring Removal
VCT Tile is a popular vinyl composite tile (VCT) flooring. Modern VCT is asbestos-free, made with polyvinyl chloride chips (PVC).
However, between the 1920s to early 1980s, most brands of vinyl composite tile contained asbestos-based material. To make a dangerous situation worse, the black mastic adhesive used to install VCT tile also contained asbestos.
Do not sand, repair, or remove older VCT tile in your home or commercial property. Asbestos testing is necessary before you proceed per EPA’s Asbestos NESHAP Standard on residential properties built pre-1981 and all commercial properties regardless of the year built.
Why Is VCT Tile Removal Important?
Because of its fire-resistant nature, asbestos was a standard part of many materials used in the construction industry. Common items include plaster, drywall, popcorn ceilings, pipe insulation (TSI), VCT tile, and black mastic flooring adhesive.
Asbestos is a known carcinogenic agent that causes asbestosis, a damaging lung disease. This disease scars the lungs, leading to breathing difficulties. It also causes mesothelioma (an aggressive form of lung and abdominal cancer), and testicular, ovarian, and laryngeal cancers.
How to Identify If You Have VCT Flooring
VCT tile came in two common types. You should assume your flooring may contain asbestos if it matches one of these descriptions.
- 9x9 was the standard dimensions of asphalt tile from the 1920s through the 1960s. In the 1960s, a 12x12 inch size was also available. Because the main binding ingredient was asphalt, the tiles came in dark colors such as black, gray, or brown.
- Vinyl asbestos tile was a popular choice between the 1930s and 1970s. Manufactured with resin vinyl as the binding, the 9x9 tiles came in lighter colors, such as green, cream, pink, and blue.
Also check the condition of the flooring for cracks, breaks, loose tiles, or other decay.
Again, don’t risk the health of you or your family. Disturbing VCT tile releases asbestos fibers into the air. It’s the dust that causes illness and fatal disease. Professional laboratory testing is the only way to know for certain whether your flooring tiles or black mastic adhesive contain asbestos.
What is Black Mastic?
Mastic is a glue, mixed with asbestos, used to adhere tile to the subfloor. It is always black in color.
Look for signs of black mastic such as an oily texture or tile discoloration. If your VCT tile contains asbestos, than chances are high it was glued with black mastic.
Black mastic asbestos removal requires certification. The technicians at ATH wear personal protective gear (PPG) and follow strict safety guidelines. We keep the black mastic damp throughout removal to limit the release of asbestos fibers into the air.
Do not sand, scrape, or otherwise disturb black mastic.
ATH Asbestos Testing
State and federal law requires property owners to hire the professional services of asbestos testing and VCT tile removal EPA accredited professionals.
We comply with all relevant agencies including the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Maricopa County, Pinal County, Asbestos National Emissions Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), and OSHA.
When asbestos abatement is necessary, our services include hazardous waste removal, another laboratory test to ensure safe air quality, repair, and reconstruction.Get a Free Consultation